What types of elder abuse are there?

Here are some examples of elder abuse:

Physical abuse

  • physical assault, such as slapping, pushing, or beating an older person
  • forced confinement in a room, bed, or chair
  • Confinement: restraining or isolating the person
  • Willful deprivation: willfully denying the person medication, medical care, food, shelter or physical assistance, and thereby exposing the individual with Alzheimer’s to the risk of physical, mental or emotional harm

Anyone who physically assaults or forcibly confines a person is committing a crime that is punishable by law.

Sexual abuse

  • any unwanted form of sexual activity,
  • sexual assault.

These actions are crimes;

Financial abuse

  • forcing an older person to sell personal property,
  • stealing an older person’s money, pension cheques, or possessions,
  • committing fraud, forgery, or extortion,
  • Misusing a Power of Attorney.

These actions are also crimes;


  • abandoning an older person, or withholding food and health services,
  • deliberately failing to give a dependent older person what they need.
  • Self neglect: Due to lack of insight and cognitive changes, a person with Alzheimer’s may be unable to safely and adequately provide for day-to-day needs, and may be at risk for harm, falls, wandering and/or malnutrition.

This kind of neglect is a crime;

Mental abuse

  • humiliating, insulting, frightening, threatening, or ignoring an older person,
  • treating an older person like a child.
  • Emotional: verbal assaults, threats of abuse, harassment and intimidation

Some of these actions may be crimes in certain circumstances. For example, it is a crime to threaten to physically harm a person or damage their property.